Hydroquinone, the active ingredient in Hydro-Q, has long been recognized among dermatologists as the gold standard in treating hyperpigmentation disorders.
Hyperpigmentation is a condition in which patches of skin become darker than the normal surrounding skin. The darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color, forms deposits in the skin. It is a common condition and is seen most often in middle-aged and elderly individuals as a result of exposure to ultraviolet light, certain drugs, or the existence of skin condition such as solar lentigines, melasma, or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
- Lentigines, more commonly known as age or liver spots, are small, dark patches usually found on the hands and face. They are caused by sun damage.
- Melasma, similar to, but larger than lentigines, appears on the face and is especially common in pregnant women, women who are taking oral contraceptives, and women taking hormone replacement therapy.
- Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation is an inflamed response to skin trauma, chemical peels, laser therapy, or acne.
- Iron Oxides: Most commonly used as cosmetic colorants, these micronized pigments also help protect skin from damage and photoaging caused by blue (HEV) light.
- Hyaluronic Acid Powder: Sodium hyaluronate is a powerful humectant naturally occurring in plants and the human body which helps to restore and reinforce moisture in the skin and defend against the signs of aging.
- Infraguard: This combination of tara tannins (a powerful antioxidant) and organic sunflower sprouts helps to protect skin against the aging effects of infrared radiation (IR).
- All skin types except if you're pregnant